The Genio-Glossus Advancement (GGA) is a procedure which was developed specifically for the Genioglossus Advancement Snoring and Sleep Apnea Center of Texas of Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Like all surgery for this condition, the operation is designed to open the upper breathing passage. The concept is that a muscle, such as the tongue, will be displaced as it's tendon is moved or tightened. An analogy is that in order to prevent a pair of pants from dropping lower one would tighten ones' suspenders. The GGA procedure tightens the front tongue tendon; thereby, reducing the degree of tongue displacement into the throat.
The procedure is done through the mouth through an incision below the gum tissue in front of the lower front teeth. After creating a small rectangular bone window, the tendons that attach the front of the tongue to the jaw are pulled forward on a small bone fragment. This produces a larger space between the back of the tongue and the throat thereby creating a wider airway. Complications resulting from this procedure are very uncommon. There is minimal if any alteration in facial appearance and my patients have not complained about this issue. This operation is often performed in tandem with at least one other procedure such as the UPPP or hyoid suspension.
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